Summary: Includes over a hundred recommended cultivars of subtropical and low chill deciduous fruit trees, with information on drought, frost and shade tolerance, which varieties give the best fruit, bearing seasons, etc. Geared towards the home orchardist between 25 and 40 degrees from the equator. NOTE, this is a BETA VERSION, about 60% complete and 85% accurate. This is still probably the most complete and accurate information you can find on these trees in one list.
|One day's harvest from a 1/4 acre edible landscape in Southern California which was planned using this chart. It provides 4-8 kinds of fruit every day of the year.|
If you are interested in gardening, orchards, agroforestry, permacuture design, or edible landscaping, you'll find this list and the accompanying instructions highly useful. It is geared more towards the home orchardist with many varieties than commercial ventures with many trees of one variety. The subtropical and low chill deciduous trees on this list will thrive between 25 and 40 degrees from the equator (closer to the equator if you are at high elevation).
Some of the areas where most of the listed trees could thrive include:Southern and Central California, Florida, Mexico, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, North Africa, Israel and the Middle East, Southern Japan, Nepal...
In other areas, a declining percentage of the trees will grow, but the list will still be useful to some extent; it can also serve as a template for entering information on other trees that thrive in your area.
Author: Art Ludwig, published by Oasis Design, February 2002. 14 x8.5, 4 page chart. $4.95 for excel spreadsheet and PDF file (300k total. Use instructions below). NOTE, this is a discounted working draft, about 60% complete and 85% accurate. This is still probably the most complete and accurate information you can find on these trees in one list and will be a great aid to your planning, but keep this in mind.
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View a sample portion of the fruit tree list (24k)
First, inventory your goals. For example, the goals for our edible landscape are: 1) provide privacy screen from closely surrounding neighbors, 2) provide us with a steady stream of fruit that we like and actually eat, in quantities that are neither too much nor too little, 3) don't pose a fire hazard (we live in a very high fire danger area), 4) make good microclimates; shade areas we want cool, reflect sun and block wind from areas we want hot, 5) look beautiful in a jungly sort of way, 6) are able to withstand months-long periods without attention when our attention is elsewhere, 7) use less than 300 gallons a day of water in the summer. Goals we don't have but other people might: demonstrate everything that can grow here, grow food which is valuable for sale or trade. Now, take this list and cross off any fruit which doesn't meet your goals, for example, fruits you won't eat (some fruits are great in theory but end up on the ground in reality); I measure edible landscape success in terms of "fruit which ends up in the belly").
Then, cross off anything that won't thrive at your site because it is too cold, not cold enough, too shady, etc.
Now take a site plan for your landscape and mark every possible place a fruit tree could go, along with the specifications it should have for that spot. For example, there might be a front hedge which should be six feet high and evergreen for privacy, but not taller because there is a view above it, except the last twenty feet should be 15 feet high to block the view from the neighbor's bedroom window. Next to the house on the south side is a place for 30 foot plus tall deciduous trees. Behind it, space for a large evergreen, and so on.
Now match up the fruit trees on your want list with the slots on your site plan. If there are trees which obviously won't fit anywhere, you can cross them off the want list.
This is a good point to check on availability. Many a perfect edible landscape plan is thrown into total disarray by the unavailability of several key trees when it comes time to plant. Deciduous trees can be acquired mail order in the US, which greatly extends the range of possibilities. Often, finding the ideal subtropicals entails some serious hunting.
Almond, "All-in-one"; Apple, General; Apple, Anna; Apple, Beverly Hills ; Apple, Crab; Apple, Dorsett Golden; Apple, Einsheimer; Apple, Fuji; Apple, Granny Smith; Apple, Mutsu; Apple, Pettingil; Apple, Pink lady; Apple, Valamore; Apple, White Pearmain; Apple, Winter Banana; Apricot, General; Apricot, Early Golden; Apricot, Flora Gold; Apricot, Gold Kist; Apricot, Katy; Apricot, royal (Blenheim); Asian Pear, General; Asian Pear, 2oth century; Asian Pear, Shinko; Asian Pear, Shinseiki; Avocado, General; Avocado, Bacon ; Avocado, Fuerte ; Avocado, Gwen; Avocado, Hass ; Avocado, Littlecado; Avocado, Nabal; Avocado, Reed; Avocado, Pinkerton; Avocado, Whitsell; Banana, General ; Banana, Brazilian (hawaiin apple); Banana, Ice Cream ; Banana, Manzano; Berry-Bababerry raspberry; Berry-Blackberry "Ollaieberry"; Berry-Blue, General; Berry-Blue, Alice; Berry-Blue, B Blue; Berry-Blue, sharp; Berry-Bosenberry; Berry-Boysenberry, Thornless ; Cactus, Peruvian Apple/Pitya; Cactus, prickly pear; Cashew; Cherimoya; "Cherry"; Cherry, Capulin 5; Cherry, Surinam, "Lolita"; Cherry, Surinam, "vermillion"; Chestnut, Eurobella 5; Chestnut, European 5; Fig, General; Fig, Black Mission ; Fig, Celestial; Fig, Conadria; Fig, Improved Brown Turkey; Fig, Janice-Seedless Kadota; Fig, Kadota; Fig, Osborne Prolific; Fig, White Genoa; Grape, General; Grape, concord, "niagra"; Grape, flame seedless; Grape, golden muscat; Grape, Pierce; Grape, Ruby seedless; Grapefruit, "oro blanco"; Guava, General; Guava, Lemon; Guava, Pineapple, "Nazmetz"; Guava, Pineapple, Cooledge; Guava, Pineapple, Edenvale Supreme; Guava, Pineapple, seedlings; Guava, Strawberry; Guava, Tropical, "Red Indian"; Guava, Tropical, "Ruby Supreme"; Guava, Tropical, "White Turnbull"; Guava, Tropical, Mexican; Jujube, "Jen"; Jujube, "Len"; Jujube, "li"; Kei Apple, "Arcadian"; Kiwi, General; Kiwi, Mar Vista; Kiwi, Tewi; Kiwi, Vincint; Kumquat, "Meiwa"; Kumquat, "Nagami?"; Lemon; Lemon, Meyer; Lime, Mexican; Loquat, General; Loquat,Advance; Loquat, Barrymore; Loquat, Big Jim; Loquat, Champagne; Loquat, Golden Nugget; Loquat, Victor; Loquat, Zoo Seedling; Macadamia, General; Academia, "Beaumont?"; Academia, "Cate"; Mulberry, Black; Natal Plum; Nectarine, General; Nectarine, Desert Dawn; Nectarine, Desert Delight; Nectarine, goldmine; Nectarine, panamint; Nectarine, Silver Lode; Oak, coast live; Orange-Blood, "Sanguinella dwarf"; Orange-Blood, Moro; Orange-Navel ; Orange-Valencia; Passion Fruit, purple; Peach Red Ceylon; Peach, General; Peach, "Florida Prince"; Peach, Babcock; Peach, Bonanza; Peach, Bonita; Peach, Mid Pride; Peach, seedling; Peach, Redwing; Peach, robin; Peach, Sims; Peach, springtime; Peach, Tejon; Peach, Ventura (Santa Barbara); Pear, Monterey 5; Pear, Zoo; Pecan; Persimmon; Plum, General; Plum, Elephant Heart; Plum, Santa Rosa 5; Plum, Satsuma; Pomegranate; Sapote; Strawberry Tree; Tangelo, "Miiveola"; Tangerine, "Encore"; Tangerine, Dancy; Walnut-Black.
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