Make Your Bicycle Bearings Invincible and Vastly Easier to Service
How to Install Your Own Grease Fittings so Your Bearings
Vastly Outperform "Sealed" Bearings at a Fraction of the Cost
Summary:Explains why and how to install your own grease fittings so your bearings vastly outperform "sealed" bearings at a fraction of the cost.
Includes drawings and detailed procedures for adding Zerk universal grease fittings to your bicycle's headset, bottom bracket, pedals and hubs.
- Shortcomings of standard bike bearing and frame design
- Complete instructions for locating and installing grease fittings for hubs, pedals, headset, and crank bearings
- How to seal your bike frame tubes against dirt, water, and corrosion
- Types of grease
- Needed tools and materials
- All known issues and pitfalls and how to get around them
- Types of bearings; sealed mechanism, cup and cone, cartridge
If you are interested in mountain biking, touring or, commuting in environments which feature water or dirt, this article is for you.
If you ride in the rain, through creek crossings, live near the ocean, have a bicycle on your boat or in the tropics, care about low maintenance, or want your bicycle to last a hundred years, this article is really for you.
Notes: Article contains bike-specific vocabulary. Installation of grease fittings requires medium mechanical skill.
Author: Art Ludwig, published by Oasis Design, February 2002. 8.5 x 11, 6 pages with several photos and figures. $4.95 for PDF file.
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How bearings exclude water, or "the truth about sealed bearings"
It is not unusual to pop the seals off a one year old, $90 pair
of sealed mountain bike hubs and find the ball bearings swimming
in rusty water. Bearings need grease for lubrication, to prevent rust, and to
keep out dirt and water. Every other self-respecting piece of machinery is equipped
with grease fittings. Heck, a decent wheel barrow has grease fittings
why not bicycles?
Once installed, grease fittings (also called Zerk fittings) enable new, clean-packed grease from a tube to be conveniently injected directly into bearings, with no need for disassembly or tampering with their adjustment.
The dirtier and wetter the riding environment, the greater the benefit from grease fittings. Repacking all six bearings, an otherwise expensive and involved maintenance procedure, takes about five minutes.
Bottom brackets are the most challenging installation. In virtually all frames
the tubes drain directly into the bottom bracket. Here, at the lowest point,
crud dislodged from the sides of the seat tube joins the smaller streams of
crud from down tube and chain stays in an abrasive, oxidative attack on the
crank bearings. If the bike has an open-topped seat post and no fenders, a portion
of the gritty ditch water which flies off the tire hits the underside of the
seat and dribbles down the seat post into the crank bearings. Additionally,
the welding gas relief holes at the rear dropouts admit sandy stream crossing
water into the chainstays until they are full. Once in the frame, this sludge
has no egress save by rusting its way through the bottom bracket cup threads
and grinding its way through the ball bearings. After my first mountain bike
race, I poured a quart of water out of my frame, and later removed a tablespoon
of gravel from the bottom bracket.
If you dont have a closed-top seat post, put a cork in the end of the seat post. Also, put thread-locked fasteners in any unused water bottle braze-ons to plug the holes, and solder or epoxy those nasty gas relief holes shut.
When you install a grease fitting on the crank shell, you come face to face with this deficiency in bicycle frame design. The best approach is to squirt a bit of oil into the frame and seal it off the tubes completely, inside and outside.
Epoxy a 1.48 inch (3.75cm) band of beer can around the inside circumference of the crank shell, sealing off the bottom bracket and seat tubes (see bottom bracket figure).
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